Micro-area Mapping Measurement of Printed Circuit Boards

Application Note B-XRD1089


When analyzing a sample consisting of an extremely large number of micro-size parts, such as PCBs (printed circuit boards), it is necessary for the evaluation of the crystalline state of each part to use a focused X-ray beam and irradiate only a specific part. Optical systems in the past employed slits and collimators to convert the divergent beam emitted from the X-ray focal spot to a point focus beam. The downside to this technique is the large attenuation of the X-ray beam intensity, requiring a long time for micro-area measurement to be completed. By using the SmartLab μHR, a SmartLab model with microfocus optics, in combination with a high-speed 2D X-ray detector, a high-intensity micro-area measurement is possible in a short time even though the XG output is 1/10 of those in the past.

Measurements and results

The SmartLab μHR is equipped with a microfocus rotating anode X-ray tube. The X-ray beam is monochromatized and converted to a parallel beam 1 mm × 1 mm in diameter by using CMF microfocus optics. The beam width is narrowed by a collimator. As a result, as indicated in Fig. 1 and Table 1, compared with a collimator and the CBO-f point focus optics used in the past, a high-resolution and high-brilliance measurement was achieved even though the XG output is less than 1/10. 
Micro-area measurement of PCB was performed using the SmartLab μHR. In both measurement points, identification of compounds included in micro-area of PCB and the orientation of coarse particles can be confirmed in an extremely short amount of time of approx. two minutes. 

Table 1: Intensity and FWHM of optics

Optics XG output (kW) Beam size (mm) Normalized intensity Brilliance (Intensity / Beam size)
SmartLab μHR 0.8 0.3φ 52.10 579
SmartLab CBO‑f 9.0 0.5φ 53.45 68.1
SmartLab collimator 9.0 0.3φ 1.00 3.5

B-XRD1089 Figure 1 Data comparison of optics (Sample Si)Figure 1: Data comparison of optics (Sample: Si) 

B-XRD1089 Figure 2 Micro-area measurement of PCBFigure 2: Micro-area measurement of PCB (Measurement time approx. two minutes) 

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