Crystal Defect Analysis by X-ray Reflection Topography

Application Note B-XRD2022


Crystal defects in epitaxial thin films may cause problems when producing high-performance semiconductor devices. Epitaxial thin films may inherit crystal defects from the single crystal substrate. It is important to evaluate the grains and crystal defects of the single crystal substrate before film growth on it. X-ray topography is an XRD imaging technique used to observe crystal defect distribution in a single crystal substrate. The SmartLab automated multipurpose X-ray diffractometer, equipped with an XTOP high-sensitivity and high-resolution X-ray camera, is capable of obtaining high-resolution topographs like those measured with dedicated equipment.  

Measurements and results

A 10 mm × 10 mm magnesium oxide single crystal substrate (Figure 1) was observed by X-ray reflection topography (MgO 024 reflection, incident angle ω= 28.3˚, diffraction angle 2θ= 109.8˚, exposure time =120 sec.). Figure 2 shows the obtained topograph. Grains separated by white lines, crystal defects shown as white spots or fine mesh patterns, and scratches were observed.

B-XRD2022 Figure 1 Photograph of the sample

Figure 1: Photograph of the sample 

B-XRD2022 Figure 2 Topograph of a magnesium oxide single crystal substrate

Figure 2: Topograph of a magnesium oxide single crystal substrate 

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