Orientation Analysis of Organic Thin Film on Rubbed Glass by In-plane XRD

Application Note B-XRD2005


Organic semiconductors are the most promising materials amongst next-generation semiconductors due to their low production cost and outstanding characteristics that outperform conventional inorganic materials. The orientation and arrangement of the molecules are crucial to the properties of organic semiconductors. This example demonstrates the advantage of the in-plane X-ray diffraction (XRD) method for evaluating the orientation condition of a copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) thin film, a photoconductive and electroluminescent organic material.

Measurement and analysis

Figure 1 and Figure 2 show the out-of-plane and in-plane XRD profiles of a CuPc thin film, respectively In Figure 1, only the CuPc h00 diffraction peaks are observed, indicating that the CuPc film has its a-axis normal to the sample surface. In contrast, in Figure 2, diffraction peaks with different indices are observed in the direction parallel and perpendicular to the rubbing direction. This indicates that the CuPc film has an in-plane anisotropic orientation as; b-axis // rubbing direction; c-axis ⊥ rubbing direction. Figure 3 shows the schematic of the crystal orientation of the CuPc film with respect to the rubbing direction of the substrate. 

B-XRD2005 Figure 1 Out-of-plane XRD profile

Figure 1: Out-of-plane XRD profile (diffracted by lattice planes parallel to the sample surface)

B-XRD2005 Figure 2 In-plane XRD profile

Figure 2: In-plane XRD profile (diffracted by lattice planes perpendicular to the sample surface)

B-XRD2005 Figure 3 Schematic of CuPc crystal on rubbed glass substrate

Figure 3: Schematic of CuPc crystal  on rubbed glass substrate.


(1) M. Ofuji et.al.: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., 42 (2003) 7520-7524. 

Sample provided : Takezoe and Ishikawa laboratory, Tokyo Institute of Technology.

Contact Us

Whether you're interested in getting a quote, want a demo, need technical support, or simply have a question, we're here to help.