Chlorides in crude contribute to corrosion in the piping at refineries during cracking as well as mid-stream in pipelines. Organic chlorides do not naturally occur in crude, however inorganic chlorides in the form of salts as well as residual organic chlorides from various natural sources as well as adulteration can contaminate crude. Contracts at the pipelines may contain clauses limiting the amount of organic chloride allowed in the crude. And at the refinery after desalting and desulfurization, crude needs to be analyzed for any residual organic chlorides possibly still entrained in the feedstock to avoid potential damage during the refining process.
High-performance, Cartesian-geometry EDXRF elemental analyzers for measuringes Na to U in solids, liquids, powders and thin films
Variable collimator small spot 60 kV EDXRF system featuring QuantEZ software.
60 kV EDXRF system featuring QuantEZ software and optional standardless analysis
Low-cost EDXRF elemental analyzer measures Na to U in solids, liquids, powders and thin-films
Performance EDXRF elemental analyzer measures Na to U in solids, liquids, powders and thin-films
EDXRF spectrometer with powerful Windows® software and optional FP.